Bird’s ID – Long-tailed Mockingbird

H.J. Ruiz - Avian101

Long-tailed Mockingbird

The Long-tailed Mockingbird (Mimus longicaudatus) is a species of bird in the Mimidae family. It is found in dry scrubland and woodland in western Ecuador and Peru (north of Camaná).

The bird favors open habitats with scattered low bushes and shrubs, such as forest edge and young second growth, montane scrub.

It is frequently found in gardens and parks. It often feeds on the ground, running forwards on relatively long legs.

An attractive, thrush-like bird, the long-tailed mockingbird has a long, elegant tail which it carries at a pert angle whilst on the ground. Its plumage is made up of grey, cappuccino, and dun colored feathers. The outer tail feathers are broadly tipped white. Its face has been described as harlequin patterned. The juvenile is duller, with a dark iris, and is spotted or streaked on underparts.

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© HJ Ruiz – Avian101

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Fishing for genes via eDNA

Interesting work in the real world with DNA…

Conservation & Science

Just as steelhead trout migrate from saltwater to freshwater and back, Environmental Sample Processors (ESPs)—first developed by the Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute (MBARI) for studies in the ocean—have been getting a lot of use in freshwater over the last five years.

Kevan Yamahara and Doug Pargett install a pump system downstream of a fish trap in Scott Creek. The pump system feeds water to an Environmental Sample Processor to sample the DNA of fish in the stream. Photo © 2019 MBARI/Kim Fulton-Bennett

This spring, MBARI’s ESP team installed an instrument to collect samples of “environmental DNA” from a coastal creek just north of Monterey Bay. Researchers will use these samples to track populations of threatened steelhead trout, endangered coho salmon, and invasive species in the creek.

In the process, they could help revolutionize environmental monitoring and fisheries management nationwide.

The research is a joint project of MBARI and the

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What’s Up? – Look what I found…

Absolutely striking! Reminds me of our pied Zebra finches- how cool 😍

H.J. Ruiz - Avian101

Look what I found…

Two weeks ago I had the great opportunity to photograph a variety of bird species in my backyard, which most of them are or have been in my backyard previously. As I mentioned on last Monday’s post, I shot many photos… since we had excellent weather conditions favorable for photography.

After going through the photo process ( I shoot RAW mode) I happened to notice a photo of a bird I wasn’t familiar with. I knew it was a sparrow of some kind, I checked and researched and did not find it registered anywhere. However, the body from the neck down was identical to the Chipping Sparrow, and was hanging around with a group of them. I concluded that it was a Leucistic Chipping  Sparrow.

Leucism (/ˈluːsɪzəm, -kɪz-/) is a condition in which there is partial loss of pigmentation in an animal…

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It’s Dark Out There!!

So, we are in the process of buying an Amish house.  (For those of you not familiar with the Amish building style – we were.lucky to have running water in the house already).I

My hubby and son are the main remodeling crew.  Hubby works, son just got a part-time job, and of course I work also.  So it’s a slow moving process.  We were really excited last January when we got the electricity approved and hooked up!  We’d already been renting for a year at that point.

Anyway, now we have some lights in the main floor, the basement, and the top floor.  My room doesn’t yet have an outlet, so I have my fan plugged into an extension cord for  the next room.

I mentioned to my son today that it would be lovely if I could get a light wired in to my roo .  Clever boy, he reaches behind me and pulls the curtain back. “Voila!” he cries triumphantly!  Light!!!

I have him THAT look.

 “You know,” I said, ” That doesn’t work nearly as well at 2 a.m. “. Which is when I get up for work now.

And we fell on the bed laughing hysterically.

Who knew that living without could invite such sarcasm?

The deep impact of microplastic

Microfiber cloth is everywhere now. Here’s where it ends up….. Sad and scary

Conservation & Science

There’s a vast ecosystem stretching far below the ocean’s surface — one where the light dims, the pressure mounts, and life takes on forms that can seem downright alien. But even there, a place that seems a world apart from human society, our plastic trash is building up.

Scientists from the Aquarium and MBARI sampled microplastic pollution in the deep waters of Monterey Bay using the ROV Ventana. Photo courtesy MBARI

In the deep sea, it’s a challenge to study where that plastic accumulates and how it affects animals. So scientists at the Monterey Bay Aquarium and our partners at the Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute (MBARI) launched an ambitious collaboration.

The resulting study, which examined microplastic in the waters of Monterey Bay, was published June 6 in the journal Scientific Reports.

“We designed this study to answer a fundamental gap in our knowledge of marine…

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12 Tips for You and Your New Puppy

You Can Welcome A Dog Into Your Home

Dogs are truly the greatest creatures on Earth. Whether or not you agree, you must love them as you have arrived at this article which gives you many tips and tricks regarding caring for a dog. Dog ownership may not be easy, but it IS very rewarding: Read on to find out more…

Photo by Juan Gomez via Unsplash
  1. Your dog has teeth just like you, so it makes sense that he needs proper dental care. Invest in a dog toothbrush and brush his teeth often. Simply allowing the vet to do it at his regular checkups is not enough. You can also purchase treats that are specifically meant to help with your pet’s teeth.
  2. Keep your dog’s teeth in tip top condition. Just like humans, a dog can suffer from toothache, gum disease and even tooth loss. Regular brushing will ensure that that his teeth and gums stay healthy and strong. Without regular brushing, it is estimated that dental disease will affect up to 80% of dogs by the age of three. As well as dental cleaning by a vet, make sure that you brush your dog’s teeth regularly.
Photo by Marcus Wallis via Unsplash

3. Your dog needs to be secured when in a car. Not only will it make the journey safer, as it will lead to fewer distractions for the person driving the car, but in the event of an accident, it could also save your dog’s life. Look for a seat belt harness, often sold at pet stores, that you can put in your car for your pet.

4. Take your dog to the vet regularly. This may seem like an added expense that you don’t need, but when you take your dog to the veterinarian, he can screen your dog for diseases and make sure he is in the best of health. This of course prevents problems down the road.

Photo by Nordwind via Pixabay

5. When you train your dog, your home and/or yard is the right place to do it. It’s never good to try and train your pet when there are quite a few people around. They will probably get distracted and it will be more difficult to teach them even the most basic commands. Also, it’s good to train at the same time every day, perhaps just after suppertime, or after playtime.

6. Before deciding on what type of dog to get for your family, consider space. Even though you may love the bigger dogs that you can really wrap your arms around, you may not have adequate space for a large breed. Take your home and yard size into consideration, as well as your chosen breeds’ temperament, before bringing home a new pooch.

7. If you do not have any ear cleaner solution on hand, you can use a baby wipe instead. Simply wrap it around the tip of your finger and wipe the inside of the ear’s surface. Only go as far as your finger can easily fit. Do not use Q-tips as they can injure the ear.

Photo by Tao Jones via Unsplash

8. Always allow your dog to have access to clean water at all times during the day. Just like with all living beings, water is one of the most important components. The only exception is that you want to keep water from a puppy for three hours before bedtime, to minimize the wake-up calls in the night. By the time she’s about 6 months old, you shouldn’t have to bother with this.

9. Try to provide your dog with plenty of opportunities to socialize. Take him on walks to the park or beach where he will be around people and other dogs. Encourage his interactions with others and praise him for good manners. He’ll be much more comfortable in any setting and generally happier too.

10. If you are a very enthusiastic owner of a pure-bred dog, join your local AKC. They are an active social group where you can share your love for your dog, learn a lot and make new friends too. The experience can also help prepare you and your dog for entering contests and winning shows!

Photo by Kaz via Pixabay

11. If you’ve got the most well-behaved and lovable dog around, share his good nature with those less fortunate. You could bring him to visit the elderly in nursing homes or sick children in hospitals. Not only will you be improving the quality of life for those people, but your dog will love being a super-star wherever he goes!

12. When it comes to feeding your dog, make sure that you are using a reputable brand that contains proper nutrition. This is important because there are dog foods that contain “filler” like wheat or corn in the food. You want to be sure that your dog is getting the correct amount of nutrients that he needs in order for him to be healthy, and some dogs may be allergic to these filler ingredients.

Phot by Herbert Aust via Pixabay

Now that you have these tips and tricks in mind, you are ready to make your dog’s life better. It is up to you to use each tip one by one, changing your dog’s lifestyle bit by bit. The more you do for your dog, the more he’ll love you in return!

Everything’s Coming up Roses (and Lilacs, and Wisteria, and Iris…)!

Here in Eastern Kentucky the Summer keeps coming. Then leaving (and letting Winter back in). And coming back. ?

But, thankfully, the flowers and plants are all coming along nicely, and lots of Spring flowers are here! I’ve been watching my hubby’s Iris as the buds shoot up over the leaves and swell with promise. Here’s one!

This one has little brown dots and lines, although they’re not very clear in this photo 😦

Here’s another:

There are several spots along the driveway that have clumps of these pretty little white violets, too:

Some wildflowers that I’m guessing are related to Prunella :

And some blackberries that are getting ready for an OUTSTANDING year:

I’m SO looking forward to the blackberry cobbler I’m going to make with these!!!!

Also, despite the recent hot spell (then cool spell), we actually still have a few Daffys hanging on…

And so, I’m off to fill the bird feeder. I can’t get a photo of the Downy Woodpeckers, or my Cardinals, but I keep trying…..

Complaints, questions, comments are always welcome! Have a LOVELY Spring day…

With Grace and Gratitude

LeslieAnne Hasty

Bird’s ID – Peruvian Pelican

Excellent article!

H.J. Ruiz - Avian101

Peruvian Pelican

The Peruvian Pelican (Pelecanus thagus) is a member of the pelican family. It lives on the west coast of South America, breeding in loose colonies from about 33.5° in central Chile to Piura in northern Peru, and occurring as a visitor in southern Chile and Ecuador.

These birds are dark in color with a white stripe from the top of the bill up to the crown and down the sides of the neck. They have long tufted feathers on the top of their heads. It was previously considered a subspecies of the brown pelican (Pelecanus occidentalis). The Peruvian pelican is considerably larger, ranging from about 5 to 7 kg (11–15 lb) in weight, 137 to 152 cm (4.5–5.0 ft) in length and with a wingspan of about 228 cm (7.5 ft). Compared to the brown pelican, it also has proportionally longer crest feathers, as well as differences in the colors of the…

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How About a Havanese?

Image by Ralf Bitzer from Pixabay

Havanese are a charming small dog that was bred specifically as a companion, and they are bouncy, attractive AND hypoallergenic! They have a double coat and shed very little, making them a possible dog for allergy sufferers. Some people who are highly allergic still might not be able to tolerate even these low-shed pups, so be careful in your choices!

Image by Nicole Denker from Pixabay

The biggest drawback to keeping a Havanese that I’ve found is that
good grooming is essential for these companion dogs. Their coat is very silky, and can reach a length of 6 to 8 inches long. Their grooming needs to be a fun event, so that both owner and dog enjoy the brushing or combing regularly.

If you’re the sort of person who enjoys this kind of activity, a Havanese may be the perfect dog for you. That lovely double coat also insulates them from the hottest tropical sun! Some Havanese will develop a corded coat as they grow – these are not that common, but are accepted.

Image by Ralf Bitzer from Pixabay

On the other hand, Havanese are famously intelligent, even being trainable as Hearing Ear dogs for the hearing impaired. They love to learn tricks, and are a favorite circus dog due to their ability to quickly learn new things and their will to please. Their playfulness and affectionate nature make them a lovely companion, and if you don’t mind playing fetch you’ll have found the perfect roommate!

Also, they don’t need extensive exercise like a bigger dog would, and they are the right size and temperament for RV’ers who’d like a small, fluffy, affectionate companion!

Image by Christian Weixelbaumer from Pixabay

Havanese can be had in nearly any color, including bi-colors and tri-color! Unlike the Bichon Frise (a close relative whose coat is only permitted to be white), these are a colorful little Cuban native, brought here in the 50’s by a few families leaving Cuba during the Revolution. They were bred from the Blanquito de la Habana (now extinct), and they’re the national dog of Cuba.

Havanese are also closely related to the Maltese and the Coton de Tulear, other breeds of small companion dogs that you may have heard of, both with similar coats. These little dogs are renowned for not being yappy, so your Havanese shouldn’t be bothering the neighbors while you’re at work.

Image by Lisylia from Pixabay

Training your Havanese in basic obedience is essential for a happy life, for both you and your dog. You want to be able to call and control your dog no matter what the circumstances may be. Safety in an emergency depends on your dog understanding that commands are always to be obeyed, so that you can always keep your beloved dog safe!

If you’re thinking about getting a new dog but are unsure which breed is right for you, check out the Havanese! These sweet pups may steal your heart and take over your life…

If you’d like to learn more, get YOUR copy of “My Havanese Journal” today at

Sources included, and the American Kennel Club website.

Corrections, criticism and complaints are always welcome at

With Grace and Gratitude

LeslieAnne Hasty

#havaneserescue #havanesepuppy #havanesepuppies #havanese temperament #havanese dog #havanese poodle #bichon tenerife #how to train a havanese

Indigo Buntings are STUNNING!

<h2> Our first sighting at our home of an Indigo Bunting (male) <h2>

Photo by skeeze via Pixabay

Unfortunately, I don’t have the skill to get a decent photo myself, but here’s a lovely picture courtesy of Pixabay. As you can see, “Indigo” certainly an accurate description of this gorgeous birds’ spring plumage!

Encouraged by the sighting of one of these incredibly beautiful boys from our front porch, I pulled up some information about them. Here it is:

“Passerina cyanea” is described by my iBird app as a “small finch with brilliant, almost iridescent, blue plumage.” The hens and juveniles are much more plain, brown with streaky bellies and only a tinge of blue on their shoulders and tails. Young males will acquire their distinctive blue plumage over the course of their first couple of years.

They summer throughout the East and Midwest of the US, as well as all the way over to south and central Arizona and Texas, and up into the lower parts of Canada. They spend their winters in the tropics and in southern Florida. Their preferred habitats consist of forest edges, woodland clearing, old fields that have grown up into scrub, and brushy slopes.

Indigo Buntings will eat insects, berries and seeds. They’ll be attracted to a thistle seed feeder or to nyjer seed, and I’ve hung one up a little way away from the feeder on my porch. states that they’ll “swish their tails from side to side while perching”, although I’ve not had a chance to observe this yet.

They’ll sing from the tallest perch they can find, and may be spotted while foraging through shrubs and grasses for food. Said to be solitary in the breeding season, they’ll flock up in the fall into large flocks to migrate and winter.

Image by heronworks from Pixabay

The National Audubon Society calls them the most abundant songbird in some parts of the East, singing on every roadside.

Females are much harder to spot, though, as they stay busy taking care of the eggs and chicks, in the cup-shaped nest she’s built, hidden in a dense thicket. She lays 3 or 4 white or bluish-white eggs that are spotted with brown or purple, and incubates them alone for 12 to 14 days. She usually feeds them alone, but some males will feed chicks that have fledged while the hen starts the second clutch of eggs. says that some males will have multiple hens nesting in their territory, in nests built between a foot and three feet above the ground, although some hens will build up to 30 feet up in a tree!

I encourage you to hang a thistle or nyger seed feeder for these wonderful little songbirds at your home (if you’re in range), and enjoy the sight of a deep blue finch streaking across your yard!

As always, questions, corrections or criticism is always welcome at Have a wonderful day!

With Grace and Gratitude


#EasternKentuckywildbirds #bluebirds #bluefinch #migratory songbirds

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